Scrapes, scratches, small wounds

The stable pharmacy - first aid for horses

A scratch on the head, small wounds on the horse's body or even a thick leg can happen when the horses are romping around in the pasture, playing with the paddock partner or just standing in the box - sometimes in an inexplicable way for riders . The stable pharmacy can help and you can quickly provide first aid for your horse.

To all products for the stable pharmacy

Hand with silver spray being sprayed on horse

Ointments & Sprays

medicines for horses

There are ointments and sprays that you should always have in the stable and for which you don't have to go to the vet. You can get these medications in our shop or at the pharmacy.

  • Aluminum spray: hairless skin areas are protected from dirt and insects. An elastic, breathable and metallic protective film is formed. Clean and disinfect the wound before spraying!
  • Eye ointment / eye drops: To reduce eye irritation – use a product without cortisone
  • Bepanthen / Milking Grease: Keeps wounds supple
  • ColoSan®: For supportive treatment of food-related flatulence and gastrointestinal disorders such as mild colic or in the case of more severe colic to bridge the gap until the veterinarian arrives
  • Disinfectant spray / wipes: For disinfection of open wounds. Disinfectant wipes can be used to clean smaller injuries more specifically
  • Hand sanitizer: always disinfect your hands before treating open wounds
  • Iodine: The disinfectant solution is suitable for cleaning wounds of larger areas

  • Saline solution / NaCl: Using a disposable syringe, wounds can be rinsed and thus cleaned
  • Cooling gel: Promotes the regeneration of tendons, ligaments and joints after great strain or exertion as it stimulates blood circulation. Swelling subsides more quickly and cooling gel can provide relief and soothing for bruises and mosquito bites. Do not apply to open wounds
  • Mineral earth / clay: Long-lasting cooling of muscles, tendons, ligaments and joints. Also has a long-lasting decongestant effect
  • Panthenol ointment: For dry wounds, wound ointment can be used to prevent painful cracks during wound healing
  • Wound spray / wound ointment: Prevents wound infections (Betaisodona)
  • Zinc ointment / zinc spray: In the case of moist or weeping skin wounds (including mud fever), zinc promotes the drying of the wound and thus supports healing

Dressings, bandages, adhesive tape

Cover & Protect

dressing material

Sometimes it is not enough to just use a wound ointment or spray. Bleeding or wet wounds sometimes need to be covered to prevent further infection. A pressure bandage can also be helpful for larger wounds until the vet arrives.

  • Bandage wadding / dressing wadding: Is necessary for support bandages and is needed for padding and dressing wounds. The padding should be applied without creases so that the formation of pressure points is prevented
  • Gauze swab: The soft, absorbent and breathable gauze swabs absorb liquid, enabling optimal wound cleaning and wound treatment (distribution of medication)
  • Fabric tape / Duct tape / Tesa tape / Plaster tape: Tape and adhesive tape are functional and versatile, for example for fixing (hoof) bandages
  • gauze bandages: Usually made of a thin fleece or gauze material. Gauze bandages are used as a pressure bandage to fix compresses and as wound dressings on injuries
  • Self-adhesive bandages / elastic adhesive bandages: The self-adhesive nature of the bandage makes it possible to apply support bandages and other types of bandages quickly and easily. The advantage is that they only stick to themselves and do not stick to the fur. However, never apply them directly to the open wound.

  • Sterile compresses: Suitable for cleaning wounds. Make sure that they are sterile and that the wound is not contaminated by the compress
  • Dressing Spray: Spray or film plasters are a flexible wound covering that prevents the penetration of germs. The protective film that is formed is breathable and keeps the skin supple and elastic during the regeneration process
  • Gauze / gauze compress: Whether gauze or a gauze compress – both serve to cover wounds
  • Wound dressings / wound coverings: This prevents dirt, bacteria and germs from penetrating. Wound secretion and/or blood are also absorbed. Wound dressings and wound covers must be sterilely packaged as there is direct contact with the injury! It is best to have them in different sizes for wounds of different sizes

No medication, but important

Useful tools

It's not just medication and bandages that are important in a stable pharmacy. Other useful aids should also be available so that you can care for your horse effectively.

  • (Digital) Thermometer: For measuring temperature / fever. Tip: Tie a string to it so that the thermometer cannot get "lost" in the horse's intestine!
  • Disposable gloves: Wearing it reduces the risk of infection in the case of open wounds. Nevertheless, disinfect your hands before treating wounds or injuries
  • disposable razor: Fur at the edges of the wound should be removed so that the injury can be treated better
  • Disposable syringes: Filled with NaCl, wounds can be rinsed with disposable syringes or medication can be administered with them
  • Cooling compresses: For immediate use and direct cooling. Do not place directly on the skin as this may cause frostbite
  • Nose brake: The nose brake can help nervous horses to calm down more, as endorphins are released when used correctly, which suppress the sensation of pain. This can ensure safe (for the person treating) treatment of the potentially painful injury

  • Clean towels: An all-round helper, but BEWARE! Towels are not sterile and should therefore not be placed on open wounds
  • Flashlight: The severity of an injury to the horse's inner thigh or belly is best assessed with sufficient light
  • Phone list: The most important telephone numbers of the veterinarian, farrier, stable owner, etc. should be accessible to everyone in case of emergency and not just stored on your own mobile phone
  • Zeckenzange: Ticks transmit many pathogens, although horses are generally less susceptible to infections from tick bites than humans. Remove the tick anyway and avoid squeezing it
  • tweezers: Foreign bodies can be removed with this and if tick tweezers are not available, ticks can also be removed with this tool

Good to Know

PAT values ​​in horses

The PAT values ​​stand for the vital signs of pulse, respiration and temperature in the horse and are parameters that can give an assessment of the general state of health of an "adult" horse (~3 years and older).

P = pulse

A normal pulse rate for a horse is between 28 and 40 beats per minute.

  • count the beats within 15 seconds by timing them with a watch or your smartphone
  • multiply the beats by 4 to calculate the beats per minute
  • You can take the pulse from the lower jawbone of your horse

It is best to practice feeling for a pulse in a calm, relaxed situation so that it works well in an emergency.

A = respiration

A healthy horse makes 8 to 16 breaths per minute.

  • set your stopwatch to 1 minute
  • count the nostril movements or the movement of the chest to determine the breaths

T = temperature

37,5 to 38,2 ° C is the body temperature of a horse under normal conditions. The body temperature of a foal can be slightly higher and is still within the normal range between 38,0 and 39,0 degrees.

  • measure with a thermometer that you have secured with a band
  • it should be measured over a period of at least 3 minutes
  • If possible, stand next to your horse, as taking the horse's temperature can be uncomfortable

Practice measuring the PAT values ​​from time to time in a relaxed situation so that you do not become hectic or uncertain in an emergency.

Write down your horse's normal values ​​and put them in your grooming kit or first aid kit so that you have them to hand for comparison in an emergency.

If the weather is very warm, the sun is extremely bright or the exertion from intensive training is very high, then the PAT values ​​can also deviate. However, the overall condition of the horse should not be neglected, because of course extreme weather conditions do not always justify the deviations in the values.